as you Bounce
ENCOURAGING RESEARCH ON REBOUNDING EXERCISE
Starbound mini trampoline exercise
workout programmes invite a new lease on life. Even a
few minutes exercising on mini trampolines can make an enormous difference to
the way you feel, and enhance your body condition. Rebounder exercises contain a
magic of their own - an invisible power, that in an instant can transform your
mood, your attitude, and your emotional well-being.
WHAT THE EXPERTS SAY ABOUT REBOUNDING EXERCISE
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Undoubtedly the most
complete and efficient training activity known for building co-ordination,
stamina, agility, balance, rhythm, strength, endurance, and overall physical
fitness without the usual trauma associated with other forms of vigorous
Dr. Alfhild Akselsen
Purchase Starbound DVD and books from these linksUSA DVD
EXPERTS AGREE THAT
REBOUNDING EXERCISE PROVIDES AN IDEAL SOLUTION FOR PEOPLE OF ALL AGES
" The mini-trampoline (rebounder)
provides a convenient form of exercise with a major advantage being its
apparent low level of trauma to the muscloskeletal system."
Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 1990: 10; 401-408
" Chiropractors all over
the nation love it. Finally they have found the right exercise for patients
with bad back, knee and ankle problems." Dr Morton Walker D.P.M
" The fastest way to
increase blood flow and brain integration for improved vision and eye
Dr R.M.Kaplin; O.D,M.Ed,
" Never in my 35 years as a
practising physician have I found any exercise method at any price that will
do more for the body."
Dr Henry Savage M.D.
" Undoubtedly, the finest
form of exercise to promote lymphatic drainage. It not only pumps the lymph
through the system most effectively; there are many other side benefits to
be gained. Increase the blood circulation, the lymph flow will rise, you get
a mental state of clarification, a reduction of toxins in your brain. So you
think more clearly - the less weighty you feel, the more positive you will
Brian H. Butler, M.A. Director of the Academy of Kinesiology, Surbiton,
Surrey UK, Author of Breast Care Manual among many other publications.
eyes require a healthy body. Jumping on a trampoline is the fastest way to
increase blood flow and brain integration for improved vision and eye fitness.’
R. M. Kaplin O.D. M.Ed
general the bouncer is a very useful tool. It can be used in a variety of
settings, either for conditioning or rehabilitation programmes where it is
good for knee and ankle problems.’
Nick Ewat M.S.C S.R.P. Harley Street
Dr Paul Cheney,
Doctor in the treatment of Chronic Fatiguie Syndrome recommends rebounding
exercises for his patients. It enables progressive aerobic exercise, which
encourages a form of regulation of the autonomic nervous system.
" Not only is the bouncer
small and transportable, fitting into most homes comfortably, but all
members of the family can use it. It certainly is fun, and you can move on
it without the normal shock you absorb from running on the streets"
Dr B Kaplin; M.D, B.Ch, M.F.Hon
Health Benefits with Rebound Exercising
‘ Not only is a rebounder small and transportable,
fitting into most
homes comfortably, but also all members of the family can use it. It certainly
is fun, and you can move on it without the normal shock you absorb from running
on the streets’
Dr Brian Kaplin M.D. B CH., M.F.Hom
" Elderly people,
with difficulty in moving because of painful stiff joints and arthritis,
have regained pain-free mobility at a level not experienced for years."
Richard Pamatatau, NZ Health & Fitness Magazine
"Public client acceptance
rate for an exercise devise is the highest I've ever witnessed. Hardly
anyone rejects the devise."
John Wheeler; Exercise Physiotherapist
" For similar levels of
heart rate and oxygen consumption, the magnitude of the biomechanical
stimuli is greater with jumping on a trampoline than with running, a finding
that might help identify acceleration parameters needed for the design of
remedial procedures to avert deconditioning in persons exposed to
NASA Research Report; Journal of Applied Physiology
Clinical and research
studies indicate that the trampoline can provide experiences that influence
a child's academic success."
Dr. G.N. Gettman O.D
Val Pemberton, Senior
College Health Lecturer, devised an Action
Research project on Health Related
Fitness, called AREST -
Aerobic Rebounding Exercise
for Staff and Trainees
She reported,'...the results of a test
to determine the effects of a four week programme on the health and fitness of
participants were amazing!'
The project was designed
to determine the effect of a four-week aerobic bounce programme on the health
related fitness of the participants.
Results of my research with professionals in
the fields of health, healing and fitness, alongside testimonies I receive from
all over the world, from those using Starbound programmes for rebounding
sessions, confirm my enthusiasm. The mini trampoline provides more than just a
tool for developing aerobic fitness.
91% showed improvement in resting
showed improvement in exercise heart rate.
all participants had normal blood pressure, 50% showed improved readings.
well as objective benefits, many participants commented on subjective aspects;
the ability to handle stress, increased feeling of well-being, having more
energy, and being able to resist colds and flu.’
In another controlled test 20 volunteers in the work
place of a large accounting firm, performed 3 times daily, Monday to Friday, for
an average session of four to seven minutes per session.
‘Alongside improved heart rates and
blood pressure’, Val reported, ‘sleep patterns improved, stress levels
reduced markedly, mental concentration improved and energy levels were
maintained through the working day.
Attitudes changed and enthusiasm was
Val Pemberton; Senior College
Health Lecturer,New Zealand
Professional response to Rebounding exercise
It was in the late 1970s that the numerous benefits to
be derived from bouncing on a mini-trampoline first received widespread
In his book, The Miracles of Rebound Exercise Albert
E. Carter mentioned around forty prominent physicians who praised the exercise. Mini-trampolines began to flood the domestic exercise
equipment market, along with Al Carter’s popular concept of rebounding
which was marketed internationally.
Among well-researched theories extolled in his book, Al
Carter defined Rebounding exercise as ‘... a method of stimulating every cell of
the body simultaneously by increasing the G-Force applied to every cell.
We do that,’ he explained, ‘by vertically
forces of acceleration and deceleration to the ever-present gravitational pull.’
"…For similar levels of heart
rate and oxygen consumption, the magnitude of the biomechanical stimuli is
greater with jumping on a trampoline than with running, a finding that might
help identify acceleration parameters needed for the design of remedial
procedures to avert de-conditioning in persons exposed to weightlessness,"
NASA Journal of Applied Physiology 49(5): 881-887,1980
NASA SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INto Rebounding exercise
NASA scientists carried out the first-ever
research into using a trampoline, with evidence surfacing to suggest that
rebounding on a mini trampoline provides superior exercise.
The concept of rebounding on
mini trampolines was consequently introduced as 'rebounding' around twenty years
ago, citing NASA research as ' the most efficient and effective form of exercise
The above statement is one of several made in
scientific study published in the
Journal of Applied Physiology 49(5):
881-887, 1980, which confirms many of the statements previously made in The
Miracles of Rebound Exercise, 1979. The research was performed by the
Biomechanical Research Division, NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field,
California, in cooperation with the Wenner-Gren Research laboratory, University
of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
The four scientists, A, Bhattacharya, E.
p, McCutcheon, E. Shvariz, and J, E. Greenleaf, secured the assistance of eight
young men between the ages of 19 and 26 to each walk, jog, and run on a
treadmill which was operated at four different speeds and then jump on a
standard sized trampoline at four different heights to compare the difference
between the two modes of exercise.
Although treadmill running had been
studied many times before, the scientists found that
"...measurements of the necessary variables have not been reported previously
for trampoline exercise." The trampoline testing was conducted at
least one week after the treadmill testing.
The six measurements that were taken on
all eight of the subjects were:
A pulse before exercising,
immediately after exercising, The amount of oxygen consumed while exercising,
The amount of G-force experienced at the ankle while exercising , The amount of
G-force experienced at the lower-back while exercising, and The amount of
G-force experienced at the forehead while exercising.
The pulse was obtained by a
battery-powered electrocardiographic unit taped to the subject's body which
transmitted signals to a custom designed receiver, in turn recorded the
information by electronically writing it on a chart.
The oxygen consumption was measured with
a K-meter that the subject carried on his back. The G-force experienced by the
ankle, back and forehead of each of the university students was measured by
small sensitive accelerometers which were placed in Plexiglas holders that were
taped to the ankle, the small of the back, and the forehead.
After a thorough medical examination,
the healthy students were issued a pair of shorts and new Nike running shoes to
standardize the conditions to be measured. They were given familiarization
sessions on laboratory procedures, treadmill running, and trampoline jumping to
ensure the exercise techniques would be the same. Each student then walked or
ran four different speeds on the treadmill with a five to ten minute rest period
between runs while the scientist recorded their statistics and compared them
with previous treadmill studies for accuracy.
A week later, these same athletes
returned to bounce on a trampoline at four different heights with a five to ten
minute rest period in between exercise sessions. Again the scientists recorded
their statistics, only this time, they had no previous studies to compare them
to since trampolining had not been previously studied. The only studies
available were the preliminary studies which began in August of 1977 on passive
restrained humans and animals exposed to increasing frequency and amplitude of
vibration forces designed to increase heart rate and metabolic activity,
"These responses measured by whole-body vibration resemble those during mild
exercise and suggest that perhaps body vibration could be used in place of
exercise for those who are ambulatory.
" Following are some of the results revealed by this team of scientists
This helps to explain shin splints and
knee problems, especially when the natural shock absorbing system of the body
becomes so fatigued that it doesn't do its job correctly, thus throwing added
unexpected forces on already tired muscles, ligaments, and tendons, forcing them
beyond the point of rupture.
This makes it possible to exercise the
entire body knowing that there is no undue pressure applied to any part of the
body such as the feet, ankles, and legs, and at the same time knowing that each
part of the body is receiving the necessary environmental stresses it needs to
become stronger cell by cell.
The efficient use of the vertical forces
of acceleration and deceleration to produce internal loading by directly
opposing the gravitational pull develops more biomechanical work with less
energy expended, thus less oxygen used and less demand placed on the heart.
It is Important to note that although
this experiment was performed on a trampoline where the participants were able
to develop a G-force as high as 8-G's, the efficient use of energy was below
4-G's. People involved in rebound exercise on rebound units have been measured
only as high as 3.5-G's, (United States Air Force, Dr. Ward Dean) so that any
activity on a rebound unit is more efficient than treadmill running at any
Even when a person is able to develop a
force on the trampoline of more than 4- G's, although it is no more efficient as
far as oxygen consumption than running, it is still much better on the lower
extremities because all of the cells of the body are still below their rupture
threshold providing a safe way to exercise.
This statement verifies the fact that
rebound exercise is an excellent exercise for our senior citizens, those
physically handicapped, those who are recuperating from an accident or injury,
or anyone else who needs exercise but is hampered by a preexisting physical
similar levels of heart rate and oxygen consumption, the magnitude of the
biomechanical stimuli is greater with jumping on a trampoline than with running,
a finding that might help identify acceleration parameters needed for the design
of remedial procedures to avert deconditioning in persons exposed to
The G-force measured at the ankle was
always more than twice the G-force measured at the back and forehead while
running on a treadmill.
While jumping on a trampoline, the
G-.force was almost the same at all three points, (ankle, back, forehead) and
well below the rupture threshold of a normal healthy Individual.
"The external work output at equivalent
levels of oxygen uptake was significantly greater while trampolining than
running. The greatest difference was about 68%."
While exercising on a mini
trampoline, as long as the
G-force remained below 4-Gs, the ratio of oxygen consumption compared to
biomechanical conditioning was sometimes more than twice as efficient as
With the G-force the same as or greater
than 4-G's II ...there was no significant difference in the oxygen uptake
between the two regimens."
“ ...averting the de-conditioning that
occurs during the immobilization of bed rest or space flight, due to a lack of
gravi-receptor stimulation (in addition to other factors), requires an
acceleration profile that can be delivered at a relatively low metabolic cost.
.for equivalent metabolic cost, and acceleration profile from jumping will
provide greater stimuli to gravireceptors."
mini trampoline rebounder provides a convenient form of exercise with a major
advantage being its apparent low level of trauma to the musculoskeletal system."
FURTHER RESEARCH STUDIES
Journal of Cardiopulmonary
Rehabilitation, 1990: 10; 401-408
This study examines the aerobic benefits
of regular circuit weight training and how it compares to a Super Circuit which
incorporates running instead of rest intervals between each circuit station."
"30 seconds of running between exercise
stations, dramatically improved aerobic endurance (17.0%), reduced body fat
percentages 10.9% to 17.1% in 12 weeks, and increased strength up to 26.0% in
that same period."
"Almost any aerobic devise should do:
treadmills, exercise bikes, indoor joggers, even running in place or skipping
Illustration of Super Circuit:
such as the indoor jogger, placed in
muscle groups are conditioned
L. Gettman, Ph.D., Research Director,
Dr. P. Ward and Dr. R.D. Hagan, Institute for Aerobics Research, Universal Gym,
"A striking feature of many studies
demonstrating a reduced coronary heart disease risk for more active individuals
is that the greatest difference in risk is achieved between those people who do
almost nothing and those who perform a moderate amount of exercise on a regular
University of California, Irvine (UCI),
Heart Disease Prevention Program
"The most recent recommendations advise
people of all ages to include a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity of
moderate intensity on most, if not all, days of the week. It is also
acknowledged that for most people, greater health benefits can be obtained by
engaging in physical activity of more vigorous intensity or of longer duration."
"Physical activity has numerous
beneficial physiologic effects. Most widely appreciated are its effects on the
cardiovascular and musculoskeletal systems, but benefits on the functioning of
metabolic, endocrine, and immune systems are also considerable."
A Report of the Surgeon General,
Executive Summary, July 1996, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
"An article published last year (1996)
in Scientific American estimated that only about two percent of cancer deaths in
the United States are caused by pollution—and that more cancer is caused by lack
"Is the World Coming to an End?" By
Ronald Bailey, Cato Institute, Society of Environmental Journalists
"The lymphatic pump becomes very active
during exercise, often increasing lymph flow 10 to 30 fold."
C. Guyton, M.D., and John E. Hall,
Ph.D., Textbook of Medical Physiology, Ninth Edition
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